RESEAU – Agro-food security in Kenge

PLACE

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Bandundu Province, Kenge District

LOCAL PARTNERS

  • Diocese of Kenge
  • ISEA – Kenge’s Institut Superieur d’Education Agropastorale

TERRITORIAL CONTEXT

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the third African country by population, very rich in natural resources, forestry and mining. Agriculture, including forestry, cattle breeding and fishing, is the main sector of the state’s economy. It contributes 40% to GDP and employs about 70% of the workforce. With these numbers the Democratic Republic of the Congo should be able to export food across the continent. The variety of climates, the fertility of the soil and the abundance of water guarantee two crops per year and a wide variety of crops. Not only is the Democratic Republic of the Congo increasingly dependent on food imports, but it is also unable to meet domestic demand. Agricultural productivity is very low and, according to the World Bank, has remained unchanged from the 1980s to the present.

Another problem is represented by the rate of malnutrition, in dizzying ascent: in the last twenty years, in fact, the country has gone from a condition of self-sufficiency to a situation of great importer of humanitarian aid. Consumer foods are cassava, corn, rice and bananas / plane trees. The nutritional regime of children deserves special attention. In fact, if 80% of the babies are breastfed until the 15th month of age, the WHO notes that around 55% of the mothers, as of the 3rd month, also support the supply of artificial milk, with a serious lack of hygiene and with onset of gastro-intestinal morbidity. The malnutrition rate among pre-school children is about 25%.

SECTORAL CONTEXT

Among the obstacles that the agri-food sector suffers in the province of Bandundu where Kenge is located, the absence of a programmatic policy to promote the sector is to be mentioned both from a technical-professional point of view and from a sufficient financial allocation point of view . There is also a lack of guidance and technical assistance services in the agronomic and veterinary field, the non-accessibility of markets by informal micro-entrepreneurs, the low quality of seeds, the resurgence of parasitic pathologies among farmed animals, the lack of control of the general level of consumer prices and strong imports of foodstuffs that make local products uneconomic. In particular, for example, the absence of specific foods for the different types of animals bred and the persistence of precarious hygienic conditions makes the situation even more critical.

TARGET

The objective to be achieved is the development of the agri-food sector in the production of soya milk and bread-making with niébé flour and maize in the territory of Kenge, so as to allow the putting into state of food security for about 2,000 people of the Diocese of Kenge.

ACTIVITY

  • Construction and equipping of 6 Food Safety Agencies (interventions of cereal growing, legumes and pisciculture and pig breeding)
  • Training courses and technical assistance in agriculture, animal husbandry and pisciculture, and marketing and cooperativism for the benefit of 60 rural animators
  • Awareness meetings to inform the local population about the function of PSA in the area
  • Purchase and distribution of productive input kits and support in the creation of start-ups of family micro-enterprises of the territory

CO-FINANCIAL INSTITUTION
8 × 1000 State, private donations

DURATION OF THE PROJECT
18 months (2017-2018)

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